Milli Istihbarat Teshilati

(MIT)
   The MIT, or National Intelligence Organization, in Turkey has been operational since the 1920s, although it was only officially established in 1965 when it replaced the National Security Service. It combines the functions of internal and external intelligence services. Emre Taner has been its head since 15 June 2005. Although in theory the MIT reports to the prime minister, in practice it remains close to the military, which, despite recent reforms to meet the requirements of accession to the European Union (EU), continues to wield influence over Turkish civilian governments through the Milli Guvenlik Kurulu (MGK), or National Security Council (NSC).
   The MIT has no police powers. It is authorized only to gather intelligence and carry out counterintelligence abroad. Internally, it is permitted only to investigate communists (extreme leftist groups), separatists (Kurdish groups), and extreme rightists. In actual practice, the MIT has been accused of using extreme rightists to infiltrate and destroy extreme leftist and Kurdish groups. For example, it appears that the MIT played a role in the notorious Susurluk scandal that broke in November 1996 and involved official (but illegal) actions to destroy the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK). Kurdish groups have charged the MIT with fomenting dissension among their various factions. Although this has not been specifically proven, it seems a likely priority. Others argue that the MIT is one of the national security organizations that implement Turkey's Deep State and Er-genekon organization.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

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  • Acronyms and Abbreviations — AI Amnesty International AKIN American Kurdish Information Network (USA) AKP Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi or AK Partisi (Justice and Development Party) (Turkey) ARGK Artes i Rizgariye Geli Kurdistan (Kurdistan Peoples Liberation Army) (PKK) AYOD… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • Deep State —    The Kemalist Republic of Turkey was established on the concept of exclusive Turkish national identity that, among other factors, proved hostile to any expression of Kurdish identity. Since it would be a contradiction in terms to maintain such… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • Bucak, Faik — (? 1966)    Bucak was a Turkish Kurdish lawyer from Urfa in Turkey who headed the Kurdistan Democratic Party of Turkey (KDPT). He was murdered in 1966 (probably by police agents), and his party split into two hostile factions. Both fled to Iraqi… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • Emergency Rule — (OHAL)    Since the inception of the Republic of Turkey in 1923 until recently, for most of the time the Kurdish provinces in the southeast have been ruled by various special regimes, such as martial law, state of siege, and, from the summer of… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • MIT —    See Milli Istihbarat Teshilati …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

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